Menopause is an inevitable phase of ageing. It coincides with the loss of ovarian reproductive function, either occurring spontaneously or secondary to other conditions. The onset of menopause is not yet predictable. Most women reach menopause between the ages of 45 and 55. However, menopause may occur before or after that age range.

The decline in ovarian oestrogen production at menopause can result in many physical symptoms that may be debilitating and affecting one’s daily function. Hot flushes and night sweats are typical symptoms, but others including mood changes, urogenital atrophy, sexual dysfunction, skin and hair changes are common complaints. Bone loss and metabolic changes that predispose to cardiovascular disease and diabetes are important considerations in healthy ageing. The individual experience of the menopause transition varies widely.

Decisions about therapy for perimenopausal and postmenopausal women depend on symptomatology and personal expectation, but also health status, immediate and long-term health risks. Management options range from lifestyle assessment and intervention through to hormonal and non-hormonal pharmacotherapy, each of which has specific benefits and risks.

If you may be suffering from symptoms of perimenopause or menopause or would like to know more about this phase of life, book an appointment with one of our doctors for an assessment and advice. Call 02 96886678 for an appointment.

Resources on menopause can be found at: